Technological advancement is transforming every sector and industry in the world, and the automotive field is one of the pioneers of tech integration. This should come as no surprise, as manufacturers are always looking for new ways to win over their customers, stand out from the competition, and bring higher efficiency to their processes. Technology allows all of that to become a reality, and nanotechnology in particular has been making waves in recent years across the automotive sector.
From building more efficient and durable engines to interior transformation and green cars, all the way to exterior paint protection and ensuring safety with advanced tire technology, nanotech is quickly revolutionizing the car manufacturing industry. Today, we are putting all of this into perspective and taking a look at the five key ways that nanotechnology is changing modern cars both inside and out.
Boosting battery capacity and efficiency
Modern cars are becoming more efficient in almost every respect, and one of the most important elements of efficiency is battery optimization. Optimizing the car’s battery for longevity, durability, and continuous energy supply to all car systems and external devices is essential in building a vehicle for the modern customer. This has been a challenge that manufacturers are finally able to overcome with the use of nanotechnology, more specifically creating a new generation of lithium silicone batteries with silicon nanoparticles.
Nanotechnology allows manufacturers to reduce the cost of battery production while elevating efficiency and stability, leading to a battery design that accommodates all of the needs of a tech-driven vehicle. It’s also important to note that these nanoparticles are not only cheaper to produce but that they are lightweight as well, allowing the battery to be lighter but more durable. Nanomaterials will also be instrumental in the safe and efficient manufacturing of hydrogen-powered cars, which generate their own power and drastically reduce carbon emissions.
Building durable and powerful engines
Much like nanotechnology is revolutionizing the manufacturing process of batteries, it is influencing the manufacturing and innovation of engines. Being one of those car components that is under constant duress and is required to withstand high temperatures, friction, and motion over the long term, there is a need to build more resilient engines for the driver of the future. Engine technology is another area of car manufacturing where nanotechnology is having a major impact.
For one, nanomaterials like nano-aluminum stand to replace the iron parts of the engine to create a much lighter design that doesn’t sacrifice durability, but greatly enhances longevity and efficiency. But it’s not just about the building materials, it’s also about using nanomaterials to improve lubricants, engine coatings, and fluids in general. To reduce the overall wear of the engine over time, manufacturers are increasingly using nano-diamonds to create an effective lubricant that protects the many metal parts coming into contact during motion.
Preserving the look of the car with nano coating
Throughout the 20th century, manufacturers and auto body mechanics have been looking for ways to provide better protection to the car’s paintjob. From acrylic lacquers to the electrodeposition primers, nowadays we have transitioned to nano ceramic coating that protects the paintwork from various environmental elements like dust, debris, acid rain, dirt, and even small scratches caused by hail.
Modern auto body centers use nano ceramic coating to ensure the beauty and durability of their paintjobs, but car owners can also apply nano coating themselves to achieve the desired effect. As these nanofillers bind with the paint molecules, they create a protective shield that lowers the cost of maintenance over the long term and preserves the original color of the vehicle.
Creating a comfortable and healthy interior
Nanotechnology is not only protecting the exterior of modern vehicles, it is also transforming the interior to create a healthier environment and a more enjoyable driving experience. By infusing nanomaterials like carbon nano polymers and silver nanoparticles into the design and manufacturing of the interior upholstery, trims, and other elements, manufacturers are able to create interiors that require less cleaning and upkeep.
These materials are more resistant to regular use and are durable against continuous UV exposure. Nanoparticles can also help create hypoallergenic upholstery to minimize the allergy symptoms caused by dirt, hair, and many other allergens. These nanoparticles stifle microbial activity in the interior and create a safer and healthier place to be.
Coming up with better tire technology
Last but not least, it’s important to note that nanotechnology is helping manufacturers create innovative tire designs that ensure safety and efficiency on the road. Better tire technology means better vehicle maintenance over the long term as well, as durable tires need less upkeep and help prevent accidents.
By infusing silica particles into the rubber, manufacturers are able to enhance the traction, durability, and overall performance while lowering the cost of production and reducing the environmental impact. Manufacturers are also experimenting with nano-clay technology to strengthen the inner lining of the tires, making them even more durable and efficient over the long haul.
Without a doubt, the automotive industry is thriving under the nanotech revolution. Car owners and those who aspire to become owners themselves can rejoice in the fact that nanotechnology in cars means less maintenance and lower costs, but also higher efficiency, stability, and safety.